the case of the brownie

Examining Aggression, Trauma & Apathy in Black Males

Myths created fear concealing the truth. Everything depends on deconstructing the myths.

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An exploration of historical and current events framing the perception of Black masculinity in the context of racial stigma and societal expectations. Each chapter examines critical topics and the adversarial relationship between Black males and mental health, school or criminal justice systems. Discussions concerning overincarceration, increase in suicide, violence, addiction, among other ills continues to be a focus point, without any tangible solutions. This book is written for the social worker seeking a better understanding of how to treat Black males or the mother attempting to support her son. It provides a necessary alternate perspective for police officers and teachers to develop solutions aimed at destroying the school to prison pipeline. The Case of the Brownie is for any reader interested in understanding the effects of trauma on Black males to advocate for transformative solutions, whether in a household, school, church, sports team or prison.

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Examining Unconventional and Mischaracterized

Trauma Expressions in Black Males


As we move towards a more culturally responsive approach to behavioral health and trauma, it is important to examine the influence of implicit bias on how behavioral health professionals identify trauma in clients. Historically, research defining the symptom criteria and by extension symptom definitions of mental illness and trauma, have been acquired from a largely homogeneous sample, which excluded racial ethnic minorities, as well as, other marginalized groups.


In understanding the effects of trauma to be a deeply personal experience, defined by each individual, it is important to challenge the characterizations of what is an acceptable expression of trauma. Research related to depression and mood disorders for Black males has been limited to 19 studies, leaving a significant gap in knowledge impacting assessments, diagnosis, referrals and ultimately treatment.


Addressing trauma, both clinically and culturally, requires behavioral health professionals to challenge what we think we know, to effectively advocate for those unable to articulate their experience within a diagnostic or philosophical criteria. This workshop will review current literature and practices and offer strategies to support professionals and clients.

The workshop can be tailored to meet the needs of the participants. Submit an inquiry to get started!